There is a chemical in ballpoint pen ink that is similar in composition to the trail-following pheromones, The idea of writing with a ball point pen can be traced to the year 1880. The ink used for ballpoint pens and fountain pens vary in ingredients. 9. Some ink manufacturers would use natural dye created from plant roots such as logwood and other types of leaves, berries, roots, or barks. HANDLING AND STORAGE Precautions for safe handling Appearance / Handling Odor Odorless Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. ... which led to successful identification of chemical ink composition and identification of production medium. Pens were constructed in 1895, and ink was patented in 1898, but little came of these in-ventions. The solvent is a water containing water-in-oil-type organic solvent. Termite Trail-Following Behavior Elicited by Ballpoint Pen Ink It is well known that termites’ sternal gland produces trail-following pheromones (1-3). Identification of dye content in colored BIC ballpoint pen inks by Raman spectroscopy and surface‐enhanced Raman scattering. There are basically five parts to a Bic Pen. An ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid and (2) expansible synthetic mica having a quaternary ammonium ion introduced therein or an ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid, (3) synthetic mica, and (4) a thickener, and a ballpoint pen having the ink follower composition. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Physical and Chemical Properties Physical state Solid _____ 1234262 - ball point pen black ink 7. Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. The cap, barrel, and ink tube are made of plastic, while the ballpoint and tip are made of metals. Between 1935 and 1939 25,000 ball point pens were produced in Europe. The anti-corrosive wetting agent is a phosphate based surfactant. An ink composition for oil-based ballpoint pens is comprised of a solvent, a colorant and an anti-corrosive wetting agent. The exact formulas for Bic inks are a trade secret. The colorant is a combination of a dye and a pigment, wherein the pigment is dispersed in the ink with a nonionic surfactant. The sternal gland discharges pheromones when it presses against a substance (1). Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Bic products include ballpoint, gel, roller and felt tip pens. Abeer Alyami. Pigments and chemicals are added for color and to improve ink quality. In 1943 a European, Biro, … (2) The ink composition for a water-based ballpoint pen according to (1), wherein the fatty acid has a melting point of lower than 30° C. (3) The ink composition for a water-based ballpoint pen according to (1) or (2), wherein the oil phase contains at least an organic solvent having one or more aromatic rings in the molecular structure. Ballpoint inks are oil-based, while other inks are water-based. Pens are an inexpensive promotional item. https://sciencing.com/ballpoint-pen-ink-made-of-10036405.html An ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid and (2) expansible synthetic mica having a quaternary ammonium ion introduced therein or an ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid, (3) synthetic mica, and (4) a thickener, and a ballpoint pen having the ink follower composition. The barrel of the pen is made of polystyrene, a cheap, mass produced plastic. POLYSTYRENE BARREL. However, most of the ink that we currently use is made of … Led to successful identification of chemical ink composition and identification of production medium oil-based. University College Cork, Cork, Cork, Cork, Ireland a combination of solvent... 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