Below are cognitive flexibility tests. Do something you know how to do, but do it differently (and often). The elevations in testosterone may contribute to poorer cognitive flexibility indirectly via effects on the noradrenergic system or via some other mechanism. For the study, researchers recruited 91 adults and assigned them different levels of aerobic exercise at a wellness center. Results suggested that the neurophysiological correlates associated with REM sleep appear to increase cognitive flexibility. This suggests that antiglutamatergic agents (e.g. The more you expose yourself to different people and their views, cultures, and ideas, not only does your cognitive flexibility improve, but also your moral compass on right and wrong. Individuals with cognitive flexibility can adjust their thinking quickly to adapt to novel situations and stimuli. A 2014 study analyzed the effect of Amantadine on cognitive function, emotion, and reward processing among individuals with Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that among those with forms of neurodegeneration, memantine could increase cognitive flexibility. It also refers to the ability to process multiple concepts simultaneously such as the color and shape of an object or perspectives of republicans and democrats. This is where cognitive restructuring techniques, which make up the rest of this guide, will come in handy. High altitude: It appears as though altitude changes can influence cognitive flexibility. While there are other types of meditation, mindfulness is a specific practice that has been shown to improve cognitive flexibility. It is unknown specifically which hormone(s) and threshold levels are most likely to decrease cognitive flexibility, but it is still a logical possibility to consider that imbalances may have detrimental effects. All the adults were assigned to perform a “task switching” procedure – measuring their flexibility. That said, it can be reversed following administration of a beta blocker for anxiety (propranolol). A study was published in 2011 investigating whether D2 receptor signaling modulated aspects of cognitive flexibility in humans. A computer-based learning experience was developed using cognitive flexibility theory to overcome the pitfalls often encountered in existing medical education. In the Watzek et al. Those with poor cognitive flexibility often have brain damage, substance abuse problems, or neurological conditions. It doesn’t have to be spectacularly different, just different. This paper analyses the effectiveness of educational intervention programs, and the specific potential of technology based on gesture-controlled games for improving cognitive flexibility (CF), inhibitory control (IC) and basic mathematical skills (BMSs) in early childhood education. That said, just because they increase cognitive flexibility in rodents does not necessarily translate to improvements in humans. A study published in 2015 analyzed the effect of MLC901 in rodents with no brain injury (e.g. For driving, that may mean drive home a different way. Researchers recruited 40 adults between 65 and 75 with the APOE e4 genetic polymorphism and administered a cognitive flexibility assessment. An individual who is able to switch quickly from thinking about one concept, characteristic, or perspective to another – would be said to possess a high degree of cognitive flexibility. One other place we converge with other species is that we tend to like people that are more like ourselves, birds of a feather and all. Cognitive flexibility training intervention among children with autism: a longitudinal study Cristina de Andrade Varanda* and Fernanda Dreux Miranda Fernandes Abstract Autism is defined by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction in multiple contexts as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. 8 8. An intervention program of 14 to 21 sessions was established to enhance cognitive flexibility. It had been suspected that MDMA-induced neurotoxicity would alter cognitive function and/or cognitive flexibility. It is well-known that the brain and gut are interconnected. Conscious practice of inner speech likely creates changes as a result of self-induced neuroplasticity. Ingestion of L-Tyrosine tends to increase dopamine levels in the brain, and may enhance cognition (as a nootropic) while bolstering your flexibility of cognition. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. A study published in 2014, researchers documented the effect of “simulated” hypoxia (less oxygen) at altitudes of 3600 meters. Authors reported decreased reward sensitivity and implied potentially increased cognitive flexibility as a result of treatment. In posttest, they were assessed in WCST and ADI-R. All measures of cognitive flexibility improved in posttest except for failure to maintain set. Moreover, meditators were noted as significantly outperforming non-meditators on all attentional measures. Given that previous nutritional interventions using the set of cognitive tasks used here are limited ( 43 ), it is difficult to directly compare the magnitude of effect sizes with other nutrition studies. Results demonstrated that increased intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may prevent dysfunction of the aging brain. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It should be speculated that strategic psychosurgery among individuals with cognitive rigidity may result in increased cognitive flexibility via neuroplasticity. To address these needs, a variety of TBI-specific interventions have … However, little is known about this impairment following nature adventure interventions. Results from this study noted significant increases in cognitive flexibility as a result of the gaming tasks. There are many reasons a person may wish to increase their cognitive flexibility. Kids use flexible thinking both for learning to read and for reading to … Results from a study published in 2009 suggest that aerobic exercise is an effective way to increase cognitive flexibility. L-Tyrosine supplementation While the researchers didn’t specifically measure cognitive flexibility, it could be suspected that cognitive flexibility may have increased as a result of the training. Memantine: Individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease tend to experience reductions in cognitive flexibility. No. Psychological flexibility might be the key to better cognitive-behavioral interventions. Working memory training: A study published in 2013 suggested that working memory training programs may increase cognitive flexibility. While cognitive flexibility is associated with improvements in brain performance, functionality, and increased intelligence – there remain a plethora of (perhaps more important) other neuroscientific realms that warrant further research. Is associated with increased BDNF levels and larger reaction time costs associated with reduced flexibility! That other species have it and demonstrate it to a decrease in cognitive function and mood were assessed WCST! Improve cognitive flexibility, researchers recruited 23 participants with no history of prior hypoxia.! 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