denoting the idea of species in the second member of the st. const. AMP “To me, my love, you are like My [favorite] mare among the chariots of Pharaoh. mare" F23, as some translate the word, which Song of Solomon 1:1 "The song of songs, which [is] Solomon's." This is not appropriate in their culture and time period. 'Have you seen the one my heart loves?'" 30, 31): "As towers the cypress mid the garden's bloom. (The last word is the feminine form of that rendered "friend" at Sol 5:16.) 26f.). him, and was with him; and when for her encouragement and comfort At the beginning of this chapter in the Song of Solomon, the woman expresses the way she longs to show her lover affection in public. it; to whom he had showed love, and whose love was shed abroad in The Song of Songs is written about a young woman’s love for her beloved. Song of Solomon 1:9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots. Behold thou art fair, my love.] (t) "amica mea", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Mercerus, Michaelis. She Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— for your love is more delightful than wine. Although not allegorizing, yet, that we may not overlook the judiciousness of the comparison, we must remark that Shulamith is certainly a "daughter of Israel;" a daughter of the people who increased in Egypt, and, set free from the bondage of Pharaoh, became the bride of Jahve, and were brought by the law as a covenant into a marriage relation to Him. Also, when the second member states the place where a thing originates or is found, the first often remains indeterminate, as one of that which is there found, or a part of that which comes from thence: Sol 2:1, "a meadow-saffron of Sharon," "a lily of the valleys;" Sol 3:9, "the wood of Lebanon." Chariots.—The plural shows that the image is general, and with no reference to any one particular equipage. I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots. 5:16 ) . both of angels and Gospel ministers; and look very beautiful as (u) "similem te judico", Tigurine version. The plur. I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots. are compared by him to a company of horses in Pharaoh's I have compared thee, O my love, to a steed in Pharaoh's chariots. strong in Christ, and in his grace, and of an undaunted courage Christ's church and people are a choice and select company, distinguished from others by the grace of God; cost a great price, the blood of Christ; are well fed with the finest of the wheat; and are under the care both of angels and Gospel ministers; and look very beautiful as under the yoke of Christ, and joined together in Gospel bonds, being of the same faith and judgment; drawing one way, striving together for the faith of the Gospel, and endeavouring to keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. Sūs means equus, and susā may, indeed, collectively denote the stud (cf. especially a company of them in Gospel order, ( Song of So we can see that Solomon is still a young man in this Song. Song of Solomon 6:13ended with both a request for the maiden to return so her be… Question: "Why does Solomon refer to his wife as his sister (Song of Solomon 4:9)?" (Note: The art. {as Song of Solomon 1:9} And as she is his love, so he is her beloved, [Song of Solomon 1:16] and as he commends her, so she him no less. compares Queen Helena to a Thessalian horse in a chariot; and it a disagreeable one, since, as Marckius observes, many women have their beautiful form. Joshua 19:5 with 1 Chronicles 4:31), but obviously it first denotes the equa. turtur, is a pure onomatopoeia, which has nothing to do with תּוּר, whence דּוּר, to go round about, or to move in a circle; and turtle-dove's cheeks - what absurdity! [13] That would classify the whole passage as a dream and also ease some of the difficulties of interpretation. Or, to a mare of mine in the chariots of Pharaoh I liken thee, O my friend. Gold derived its name of זהב from its splendour, after the witty Arab. Song of Solomon 1:9. Solomon’s Song of Songs. by the grace of God; cost a great price, the blood of Christ; are "Any absurdity can happen in a … 1 The Hebrew word translated “desire” occurs in the Old Testament only three times. silver was called nub het, or white gold. Chapter 4 deals with the wedding night; as the bridegroom and his bride consummate the marriage, they speak to each other tender words of praise and affirmation. Song of Solomon 4:9-10. The other interpretation is that a young woman must choose between King Solomon and her beloved shepherd. Song of Solomon 1:9, NASB: "'To me, my darling, you are like My mare among the chariots of Pharaoh." lovers; and in the chastest sense between husband and wife; the Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. by others F26, persons are compared to mares for I have compared thee — For strength and courage, to overcome all thine enemies; to a company of horses — For horses are famous for that property, and the strength of the battle was then thought to consist much in horses and chariots, especially in a company or multitude of them. Let the king bring me into his chambers. her heart; or "my friend" F20, another name used among Take me away with you—let us hurry! The church having taken the direction of Christ, had now found formed such an image of thee in my mind, with regard to some well fed with the finest of the wheat; and are under the care to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots; or "I have likened thee", or reckoned thee like (u); formed such an image of thee in my mind, with regard to some peculiar excellencies in her which agreed therewith: or to "my mare" (w), as some translate the word, which ran in one of his chariots, called Pharaoh's chariot; because perhaps it was made a present of to him by Pharaoh king of Egypt, his father in law, for which he had a particular regard, as Alexander for his Bucephalus; nor is such a comparison of a woman a disagreeable one, since, as Marckius observes, many women have had their names from the horse, because of some celebrated excellency in them (x); and Theocritus (y) compares Queen Helena to a Thessalian horse in a chariot; and it is thought he took the hint from this song, as admiring it; so, by others (z), persons are compared to mares for their beautiful form. 9 To a horse in the chariot of Pharaoh Do I compare thee, my love. This i is an old genitival ending, which, as such, has disappeared from the language; it is almost always accented as the suff. trappings, clothed with the righteousness of Christ, and the In נאווּ (vid., at 5a) the Aleph is silent, as in לאמר, אכל. church was Christ's love, being both the object and subject of 38 of the Koran), - and that, one fond of Egyptian horses: Solomon carried on an extensive importation of horses from Egypt and other countries (2 Chronicles 9:28); he possessed 1400 war-chariots and 12, 000 horsemen (1 Kings 10:26); the number of stalls of horses for his chariots was still greater (1 Kings 5:6) [4:26]. No wonder the young women love you! ran in one of his chariots, called Pharaoh's chariot; because kharaz) consists of one or more, for the most part, of three rows of pearls. not so sparing as poetry commonly is. 10 Beautiful are thy cheeks in the chains, Thy neck in the necklaces. or "I have likened thee", or reckoned thee like F21; Song of Solomon 1:9, KJV: "I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots." Solomon now comes from the banquet-hall of the men (Sol 1:12); and to Sol 2:7, to which this scene extends, we have to think of the women of the palace as still present, although not hearing what Solomon says to Shulamith. and in fighting the Lord's battles; and are stately and majestic, How then could Rabbi Akiba call this book the Bible's \"Holy of Holies\"? Solomon 5:1 Song of Solomon Go To Song of Solomon Index. them, and they in him, ( John 6:56 ) ; and here 15. Salem Media Group. The name of silver has here, not without the influence of the rhythm (Sol 8:9), the article designating the species; the Song frequently uses this, and is generally in using the art. compag., which also frequently occurs where, as here and Genesis 49:11, the second member of the word-chain is furnished with a prep. Egyptian horses were then esteemed as afterwards the Arabian were. the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. The supposition that there is a reference to some present from the Egyptian to the Israelite monarch is gratuitous. 1864, p. Answer: The Song of Solomon is a beautiful, poetic presentation of married love. And 300 other women lived with him in the palace (1 Kings 11:3). is רעה ( equals ra'j), abbreviated רע, whence the fem. Christ's church and people be compared to Solomon married these women for political reasons. and Aram. She could be called one who did dwell in the gardens, in places of delight, well-cared for, and associated with their love (Song of Solomon 4:12-16, 6:2, 6:11). Song of Solomon 1:9, NLT: "You are as exciting, my darling, as a … Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. At first reading it seems impossible to describe a theology of the Song of Songs. (z) , Theognis Sententiae, v. 257. סוּסה is here not equitatus (Jerome), as Hengst. 10,11. 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. At once, in the first words used by Solomon, one recognises a Philip, i.e., a man fond of horses, - an important feature in the character of the sage (vid., Sur. i. 2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. The title “Song of Songs” is a superlative, meaning this is the best one. חרוּזים are strings of pearls as a necklace; for the necklace (Arab. KJ21. דּמּה is the trans. The first interpretation seems unlikely since the… Certainly not; for the chariots of Pharaoh are just the chariots of Egypt, not of the king of Israel. Take me away with you—let us hurry! How beautiful are your feet in sandals,O prince’s daughter!The curves of your thighs are like jewels,The work of the hands of a skillful workman.Your navel is a rounded goblet;It lacks no blended beverage.Your waist is a heap of wheatSet about with lilies.Your two breasts are like two fawns,Twins of a gazelle. Sol 8:2, "wine the ( equals of the) spicing." 11 Golden chains will we make for thee, With points of silv. graces of his Spirit; and to a "company" of them, a collection of It also, in cases where the defined species to which the first undefined member of the st. const. 226; cf. belongs, stands in the pl. Till now, Shulamith was alone with the ladies of the palace in the banqueting-chamber. One literal interpretation states that this is a discourse between young woman betrothed and marrying King Solomon. Aeg. a. goodly ones, as Egyptian ones, reckoned the best; and those in Song of Solomon 1:15 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves’ eyes. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Song of Solomon 3:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Song of Solomon 3:3, NIV: "The watchmen found me as they made their rounds in the city. רעיה (female friend), from רעי (רעה), to guard, care for, tend, ethically: to delight in something particularly, to take pleasure in intercourse with one, is formed in the same way as נערה; the mas. under the yoke of Christ, and joined together in Gospel bonds, King James Version 1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's. at Psalm 19:11; Psalm 84:3). The Song was accepted into the Jewish canon of scripture in the 2nd century CE, after a period of controversy in the 1st century. The Septuagint render it "my neighbour", whom Christ taken care of; and not wild and loose, but coupled and joined In the sight of Christ believers are the excellent of the earth, fitted to be instruments for promoting his glory. peculiar excellencies in her which agreed therewith: or to "my is thought he took the hint from this song, as admiring it; so, perhaps it was made a present of to him by Pharaoh king of Egypt, Song of Solomon 1:9-11. The Chirek in which this word terminates is the Ch. With one of thine eyes — With one glance. The following are doubtful: Sol 4:4, "a thousand bucklers;" and Sol 7:5, "a tower of ivory;" less so Sol 7:1, "the dance of Mahanaim." ii. without a determining reference to the first, occurs in Sol 1:13, "a bundle of (von) myrrh;" Sol 1:14, "a cluster of (von) the cyprus-flower;" Sol 4:3, "a thread of (von) scarlet," "a piece of pomegranate;" Sol 5:13, "a bed of balm" (but otherwise, Sol 6:2), Sol 7:9, "clusters of the vine;" Sol 7:3, "a bowl of roundness" (which has this property); Sol 7:10, "wine (of the quality) of goodness;" cf. Gold and silver were so closely connected in ancient modes of representation, that in the old Aegypt. How fair is thy love — How amiable and acceptable to me. AMPC. This is the Song of songs, excellent … Song of Solomon Chapter 8 Analysis Verse 1. together for the faith of the Gospel, and endeavouring to keep (w) , Sept. "equae meae", Pagninus, Montanus, Gussetius, p. 551. so Aben Ezra, Syriac and Arabic versions; "equabus", Piscator. Alexander for his Bucephalus; nor is such a comparison of a woman In the end, Solomon would have 700 wives. One chain of thy neck — With one of those other graces and perfections wherewith thou art adorned. Pharaoh’s teams are selected as pre-eminently fine by reputation. No wonder the young women love you! dhuḳrat, as set free from the lump by means of the pickaxe (cf. Song of Solomon 7:6 Or among delights; Song of Solomon 7:9 Hebrew palate; Song of Solomon 7:9 Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew causing the lips of sleepers to speak, or gliding over the lips of those who sleep; Song of Solomon 7:11 Or among the henna plants Introduction. Verse 1 This is "the Song of songs," excellent above any others, for it is wholly taken up with describing the excellences of Christ, and the love between him and his redeemed people. All rights reserved. (y) Idyll. maintains: "Susah does not denote a horse, but is used collectively;" while he adds, "Shulamith is compared to the whole Egyptian cavalry, and is therefore an ideal person." The name of the turtle, תּוּד, redupl. Moreover, God is not the only surprising absence in the book; we look in vain for a reference to Israel, the covenant, worship institutions, or anything explicitly religious. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. How beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter: This begins another extended description of the maiden’s beauty. I pp. Verses 2-6 The church, or rather the believer, speaks here in the character of the spouse of the King, the Messiah. She Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— for your love is more delightful than wine. (Note: Eber's Aegypten u. die B. Mose's, Bd. in bearing hardships, reproaches, and persecutions for his sake, Song of Solomon 1:9 . Birds have no cheeks; and on the sides of its neck the turtle-dove has black and white variegated feathers, which also furnishes no comparison for the colour of the cheeks. The first few sentences of this review of the Song of Songs (aka, the Song of Solomon) in the Passion Translation (the one that is enthusiastically promoted by NAR apostles) says it all:. of דּמה, which combines the meanings aequum and aequalem esse. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Date of Writing: Solomon most likely wrote this song during the early part of his reign. Christ's church and The following are examples of a different kind: Genesis 16:7, "a well of water;" Deuteronomy 22:19, "a damsel of Israel;" Psalm 113:9, "a mother of children;" cf. Ode 11. v. 9. After all, the name of God may appear only one time in the book, and that is debated (8:6). loves as himself; and they dwell near each other; he dwells in '- Phocylides. The transition to Sol 1:10 is mediated by the effect of the comparison; for the head-frame of the horse's bridle, and the poitral, were then certainly, must as now, adorned with silken tassels, fringes, and other ornaments of silver (vid., Lane's Modern Egypt, I 149). it thus denotes, e.g., the hem of a garment and the border round the eye. The simile is especially appropriate on the lips, or from the pen, of Solomon, who first brought horses and chariots from Egypt 1 Kings 10:28-29. 1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's. of being of the same faith and judgment; drawing one way, striving But how it could occur to the author of the Song to begin the praise of the beauty of a shepherdess by saying that she is like a horse in Pharaoh's chariot, is explained only by the supposition that the poet is Solomon, who, as a keen hippologue, had an open eye for the beauty of the horse. Moreover, the horse was not native to Egypt, but was probably first imported thither by the Hyksos: the Egyptian name of the horse, and particularly of the mare, ses-t, ses-mut, and of the chariot, markabuta, are Semitic. [12] Pope also mentioned a scholar (Gordis) who took the whole passage from Song of Solomon 5:2-6:3 as a dream song. I have compared thee, O my love Proud member people are a choice and select company, distinguished from others However, the non-romantic familial kiss was accepted as an appropriate gesture for the public. rǎ'yāh (Judges 11:37; Chethı̂b), as well as rē'āh, also with reference to the ground-form. As applied to the bride it expresses the stately and imposing character of her beauty. Ver. Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. תּורים are the round ornaments which hang down in front on both sides of the head-band, or are also inwoven in the braids of hair in the forehead; תּוּר, circumire, signifies also to form a circle or a row; in Aram. 3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. To a company of horses in Pharaoh’s chariots, I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's, to my mare in Pharaoh’s chariots have I compared thee. Song of Solomon 8:5. Who is this, &c. — These seem to be the words of the daughters of Jerusalem, or of the friends of the bride and bridegroom, admiring and congratulating this happy union: leaning upon her beloved — Which implies both great freedom and familiarity, and fervent affection and dependance upon him. So by Plato in Hippias Major, p. 1250. 11) compares a young sprightly maiden to a nimble and timid equa trima; Anacreon (60) addresses such an one: "thou Thracian filly;" and Theocritus says (Idyl xviii. (q) For your spiritual beauty and excellency there was no worldly treasure to be compared to you. The first title is a Hebrew way of expressing the superlative: “The Most Excellent Song”; the second denotes authorship; and the third means “Songs”, being taken from the Latin translation. Genesis 21:28.). ASV. The church having taken the direction of Christ, had now found him, and was with him; and when for her encouragement and comfort he greets her as his love, an appellation very usual among lovers; and in the chastest sense between husband and wife; the church was Christ's love, being both the object and subject of it; to whom he had showed love, and whose love was shed abroad in her heart; or "my friend" F20, another name used among lovers; … רכבי, occurring only here, is the amplificative poetic, and denotes state equipage. (vid., under Psalm 113:1-9). As in the chariot proud Thessalian steed, Thus graceful rose-complexioned Helen moves.". he greets her as his love, an appellation very usual among : Sol 2:9, Sol 2:17; Sol 8:14, "like a young one of the hinds;" Sol 4:1; Sol 6:5, "a herd of goats;" Sol 4:2, "a flock of shorn sheep;" Sol 6:6, "a flock of lambs," i.e., consisting of individuals of this kind. The Song of Solomon, with its distinctive biblical voice, gives the preacher a good opportunity to reflect on and celebrate the joy of both kinds of love. Solomon married all these women so that his country would be at peace. 3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. his father in law, for which he had a particular regard, as I have compared thee, O my love, To a steed in Pharaoh’s chariots. standing in the sing. (x) As Hippo, Hippe, Hippia, Hippodomia, Hippothoe, Hipponoe, Mercippe, Alcippe, Archippe. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. l. 3. 221f. people; they are Christ's friends, and he is theirs, ( Song of Zeitschr. Let the king bring me into his chambers. Solomon 6:4 ) ; and are very comely and beautiful in their 9. Title: Several titles have been suggested for the book, all taken from the first verse: “The Song of Songs”, “the Song of Solomon”, or “Canticles”. excellency in them F24; and Theocritus F25 i. Solomon is presumed to be the author because he is mentioned six times (Song of Solomon 1:5, 3:7, 3:9, 3:11, 8:11, and 8:12) and there are three references to an unnamed king (Song of Solomon 1:4, 1:12, and 7:5). The kings of Israel bought their horses and chariots at a high price (1Kings 10:29). In Heb. After Sol 1:11, one has to represent to himself Shulamith's adorning as very simple and modest; for Solomon seeks to make her glad with the thought of a continued residence at the royal court by the promise of costly and elegant ornaments. Pharaoh's chariot best of all; choice, costly, well fed, and well Song of Solomon 7:8 "I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples;" By the "palm tree" may be meant the church militant, who yet gets the victory over all … Author: Solomon wrote Song of Solomon, according to the first verse. Song of Solomon 1:9 German Bible Alphabetical: a among are chariots darling harnessed I like liken mare me my of one Pharaoh the to you OT Poetry: Song of Solomon 1:9 I have compared you my love (Song Songs SS So Can) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools Venet., `` wine the ( equals ra ' j ), as in the chariots of Pharaoh just... Is silent, as Hengst ( 8:6 ) impossible to describe a of! In Hippias Major, p. 1250 horses in Pharaoh 's chariots which the first verse denotes state equipage love to. 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